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Profiles of several great libraries in the book The Most Beautiful Libraries in the World (Laubier and Bosser, 2003) reveal the integration of art, philosophy, government, and religion in historic interior library decoration. Libraries housed books, but they also functioned as expressions of wealth, political and religious power, and civic responsibility (Laubier and Bosser, 2003). The interiors were decorated with frescoes, large windows, paintings, decorative columns, and beautiful furniture. The buildings and interiors were homages to the significant knowledge contained within the books it housed. Frescoes frequently depicted civic values, religious allegories, government pride, war, and Greek and Roman gods portraying knowledge and wisdom (Laubier and Bosser, 2003). Statuary often represented philosophers, library benefactors, and religious figures.

canada goose Today, artistic expression comparable to the kind in historical libraries canada goose trenton jacket uk is still found, especially in large urban projects. However, the style of expression is based on modern architectural innovation integrated with functionality. Modern libraries strive to serve canada goose outlet website legit the user. Increasing access, creating an inviting space, and functionality are the top priorities when designing library interiors today. This reorientation in library philosophy began with the Carnegie Libraries in the late 19th and early 20th centuries (van Slyck, 1991). Moreover, the 1917 book, A Book of Carnegie Libraries by Theodore Wesley Koch, demonstrates that open and flexible interior arrangements have been considered desirable aspects of library interior design since the time of the Carnegie era. John Cotton Dana of the Newark Free Public Library advised, “Put in no permanent partitions save those necessitated by stairs, closets, etc. Do not fasten any furniture to the building, no desks to the floors, or bookcases to the walls. Have the bookcases made independent so that they can be moved. Build the bookcases of wood, 9 or 12 feet long. Add a stack wing to store the little used books in. When you have moved into the building, arrange the room, desks, bookcases, tables, and chairs as seems advisable” (Koch, 1917, p. 213). canada goose

canada goose uk black friday The designing of the interior of the library may fall on the architect, the library director, library board, the interior design firm, consultants, or the renovation committee (Brown, 2002, p. VII). Regardless of the responsible party, the interior design of a library generally requires planning to create a successful space. The interior design affects the mood and personality of the space, as well as its usability. Furthermore, interior design often overlaps architecture and its important to consider canada goose outlet orlando this integration in other words, one should not be designed without considering the other (Brown, 2002, p. viii). It is also vital to consider the principles of design in form, line, scale, balance, harmony, rhythm, emphasis, size, variation, pattern, and repetition when assessing canada goose outlet the aesthetic qualities of the space and the materials. Interior design also affects the movement of people and materials through the building; therefore, work flow, the library’s mission, space relationships, security, noise, and flexibility must be considered when planning the space (Brown, 2002, p. 2). Ideally, the goal is to create a variety of spaces suitable for reading, group work, and computer use. It is also important to determine the location canada goose outlet canada of areas such as entrances, exits, study areas, reading areas, open areas, quiet areas, and high activity areas and their spatial relationships to one another (Mattern, 2007, p. 109). Furthermore, in large canada goose outlet reviews libraries it is especially important to create intimate spaces and grand spaces (Mattern, 2007, p. 109). The practicalities related to the maintenance and durability of furnishings, flooring, walls, art, windows treatments, must also be considered when planning the interior (Brown, 2002, p. 7). Setting the budget and creating priorities should also be done early in the process (Draper and Brooks, 1979, p. 136) Finally, planning can be as simple as drawing out the floor plan yourself, but it is essential for larger projects to include the interior design plan in a building program (Mattern, 2007, p. 14). canada goose uk black friday

cheap Canada Goose The following is a brief introduction to the options for furnishings, canada goose outlet netherlands walls, windows, color, flooring, lighting, and arrangement. cheap Canada Goose

There are several aspects to consider when selecting furnishings such as material, configuration, function, comfort, aesthetic quality, style, durability, and clean ability. Materials may be wood, metal, plastic, or upholstery. Popular library configurations to consider are carrells, desks, chairs, sofas, and bean bags.

The reference and circulation desks also affect the feeling of a library. Closed desks may seem intimidating, formal, and uninviting, whereas open desks are generally seen as more accessible and welcoming. An open desk also makes it easier for library staff to step out from behind the desk to help patrons.

canadian goose jacket Color has a visceral effect on library users and staff. Reds are commonly associated with warmth, greens are viewed as calming, blues are cool, and yellow is usually thought of as lively. Furthermore, color can be used to help users navigate the library by indicating separate areas of the library. Color can also effect the perception of the size of a room. The book Interior Design for Libraries by James Draper, has several suggestions for color usage including light colored ceilings for openness, a lively warm color for entrances, neutral colors for meeting rooms, using wall color to dictate floor color, and avoiding dark floor colors in sunlit rooms so the carpet will not fade (Draper, 1979, p. 46). A general guide to keep in where do uk canada geese go in winter mind is that the color should reflect the purpose of the room. Draper emphasizes “A library’s colors should make a statement about its contents and should excite and interest its patrons” (Draper, 1979, p. 43). canadian goose jacket

Canada Goose Parka The San Antonio Public Library presents an example of the does canada goose go on sale black friday use of vibrant colors for the exterior and interior of the library. The red exterior, yellow atrium, and purple benches had mixed reactions from the public and critics. 52). However, some people felt the color, specifically the red exterior was inappropriate for San Antonio (Mattern, 2007, p. 53). Canada Goose Parka

canada goose coats on sale There are a number of interesting options for flooring, including carpet, tile, wood, rubber, stone, and vinyl. Each material has its pros and cons. For example, carpet is often used in public areas because it absorbs noise and it is fairly durable; however, carpet can become dingy quickly in high traffic areas. When selecting flooring, it is important to consider traffic patterns and the purpose of canada goose outlet mall the area. Tile is usually recommended for restrooms, high quality industrial strength carpet for the general public areas, and stone or tile for the entrance area (Brown, 2002; Draper and Brooks, 1979). canada goose coats on sale

Canada Goose sale Lighting plays an aesthetic role and a vital functional role in libraries. Lighting a library today is a complex task and requires specialized knowledge to design the lighting system canada goose outlet jackets (Brown, 2002, p. 118). Lighting has a significant impact on the users library experience. Shannon Mattern compares the significantly different interior design of the New York Public Library’s Rose Reading Room and the Phoenix Public Library’s Great Reading Room to illustrate the dramatic effect lighting has on a room. Although the two rooms have drastically different furnishings and scales, the lighting creates a similar warm environment. (Mattern, 2007, p. 107). Canada Goose sale

Canada Goose online When arranging the space, it is important to consider the traffic patterns of library users and staff and to create a variety of spaces for different uses. Users need comfortable reading spaces, study spaces, social spaces, and areas to use library computers and laptops. The acoustics of the library should also be considered when arranging the space. Mattern summarizes how designers currently approach arrangement: “Designers have attempted to create zones within these buildings to accommodate a variety of conditions, intimate and public, formal and informal, loud and quiet” (Mattern, 2007, p. 110). Libraries have evolved to serve many purposes and their interiors need to accommodate the new expectations users have of libraries. Canada Goose online

In conclusion, designing a library interior is more than picking out some desks and chairs, it is creating a space that honors knowledge and invites users to learn and interact. As Nolan Lushington writes, “Library spaces that light the spirit of users and staff by using space and natural light in esthetically pleasing ways give the library building a lasting quality that great civic buildings deserve” (2002, p. xii). The interior design is fundamental to the unique personality of a library and it should reflect the library’s mission and the community’s values.

Two Books with Quality Photographs of Library Interiors

Christensen, K. and Levinson, D. (ed.). (2007). Heart of the community: The libraries we love. Great Barrington, Mass.: Berkshire Publishing Group.

Canada Goose Jackets Laubier, G. de, and Bosser, J. (2003). The most beautiful libraries of the world. London: Thames Hudson. Canada Goose Jackets

Canada Goose Outlet The following links feature library design firms, library design articles, and furnishings websites Canada Goose Outlet.

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